RV Millenia is a new freehold condominium developed by Roxy-Pacific Holdings, comprising of about 148 exclusive units. RV Millenia is situated along the prime River Valley Road in Singapore's highly sought after District 09, conveniently located within minutes walk to the upcoming Orchard Boulevard MRT station, and the Orchard Road shopping belt.
Situated in District 10, Central Region of Singapore. One Draycott is a freehold development launching in 2018. Developed by Champsworth Development 50% owned by Selangor Dredging Berhad they are one of the experience developers in Singapore that has completed development here. Buyer can look forward to a new refreshing outlook that will set the trend in today market. One Draycott has a land area of 17,438 sqft and a plot ratio of 2.8. This is a 18-storey high development with a total of 64 units to choose from, with basement carpark and swimming pool. Located next to Raffles Girls' Secondary School and Orchard Road. Residents of One Draycott gets to enjoy the great convenient and unique lifestyle of Singapore most iconic shopping paradise zone. One Draycott is in close proximity to popular eateries, parks, shopping malls, bistro pubs and other existing and future amenities and entertainments. Home owner looking for trend setting development should not miss this opportunity.
120 Grange Condo is a freehold residential development located along Grange Road in the coveted District 10 of Singapore. It is well-connected to a comprehensive network of main roads and expressways, making it a breeze for vehicle owners to reach other parts of the island via the Pan Island Expressway (PIE) and Central Expressway (CTE). Residents can also traverse in seamless connectivity to Chinatown, Marina Bay Sands and Central Business District via Orchard, Somerset and Redhill MRT Stations which are just a short ride away. Living at 120 Grange Road is complemented by a slew of chic cafes and state-of-the-art shopping malls in its immediate vicinity not forgetting at these places you can indulge in a wide range of entertainment, shopping and dining establishments. Be spoilt for choice as you get your shopping and dining fix at the heart of city, Orchard Road. Shop till you drop at the various prominent malls along renowned Orchard Road and let your taste buds go on a culinary adventure at the gourmet cafes. The neighbourhood is also home to a number of reputable schools such as Alexandra Primary School, Gan Eng Seng Primary School, River Valley Primary School, Raffles Girls Secondary School and Crescent Girls School. Residents will have no lack of options for leisure activities. Within the development itself, the facilities and amenities offer plenty of opportunities to relax, exercise and entertain. Dive into the coolness of the lap pool and wash away the blues. Lay back and enjoy the sun at the lounger decks, or unwind amidst the calm serenity of the green lawn. Party the night away at the Clubhouse or keep fit at the gym. Positioned at a highly desirable neighbourhood of Orchard area, you can expect nothing less than the ultimate in luxury resort living right in the city. The development strikes the perfect balance for those who desire a tranquil living space along with the convenience of living in a centralized location. 120 Grange possesses good investment potential because of its location and accessibility. Its rental catchment covers expatriates working in nearby Orchard Road and CBD, and the pool of tenants at medical centre and hospitals located near the area. With its combination of a heritage-rich neighbourhood and its exclusive address, 120 Grange is set to be a choice property investment for the astute buyers
Nestled in the heart of Singapore City's prestigious district 9, 8 Hullet sits over glamorous Orchard Road where luxury, entertainment and style unfolds with every step you take. 8 Hullet is a residential condominium strategically located at Singapore's exclusive shopping belt where the modern convenience of dining, entertainment and good schools is balanced with the quaint and private neighbourhood of a national heritage site. An exclusive sanctuary in the midst of exciting city living, 8 Hullet features 12 floors of 44 apartments rising above a beautiful verdant garden that serves as space for relaxation and moments of serenity. Designed with an exquisite arrangement of panelled spacings, her brilliant architecture endows Orchard Road's panoramic skyline with a touch of elegance under a celebration of stars. From vibrant Somerset to the artistic Orchard Cineleisure, experience a kaleidoscope of shopping, lifestyle and cultural adventures where the splendour of cosmopolitan living is at your fingertips.
TwentyOne Angullia Park is an Iconic collection of residences, exceptionally well located in the heart of Orchard, and providing the convenience of easy access to every amenity the city has to offer married with the comforts of a secluded domicile. This appealing freehold offers the resident a diverse array of expansive apartments and penthouses, affording distinctive luxury urban living standards that are not to be found elsewhere. Comprising of a 36 storey modern tower, designed by multi-award winning SCDA architects, and displaying stunning lighting effects corresponding to the passage of time, this phenomenal residential development represents the opportunity to experience the perfect serene ambience. Consisting of 54 units, with a choice of 2, 3, or 4 bedroom layouts, the double-volume living spaces of TwentyOne Angullia serve to accentuate the outstanding vistas across the city. The resident will surely appreciate the complete range of facilities enabling the indulgence of all tastes, from a cosy sky terrace exuding tranquility, to a stunning sky gymnasium and a breath-taking infinity pool surrounding one with gorgeous panoramic views. TwentyOne Angullia Park is Framed by lush landscaped grounds, leafy canopies, and sumptuous water features which add to the aura of an urban paradise. Lying mere steps from the most bustling intersection on orchard road, and standing opposite ION Orchard, TwentyOne Angullia dominates the perfect location, within easy reach of transport links, key amenities and an incomparable shopping experience. The Orchard MRT Station is 2 minutes away, allowing the resident swift access to both the business district and Singapore integrated resorts. TwentyOne Angullia Park's family friendly credentials are further enhanced by the extensive variety of nearby schools including ISS International School. Within walking distance stands the finest international designer stores, luxury hotels, a fabulous choice of cosmopolitan dining and entertainment services, all supplemented by further recreational facilities available in the Town Centre. TwentyOne Angullia Park personifies the ideal combination of restful seclution and opulent city living.
Lloyd SixtyFive is a new freehold condominium located in the Killiney area of the prime district in Singapore. A lavish nature-inspired residence nestled in the heart of Orchard, creating seamless harmony between the best of both worlds. Satisfy your desire for quietude with a relaxing stroll through the natural landscape within, step out to be engulfed within city allure, sashay down coveted luxury boutiques, or wine and dine in esteemed establishments - everyday.
Victoria Park Villas is a prestigious collection of 99-years leasehold Semi-Detached and Bungalows featuring brand new modern contemporary architecture with private lifts, basements and attics. Victoria Park Villas is developed by Singapore's well established developer Capitaland Development and its expected completion is in early 2018. This collection consist of 109 homes and is situated on a 403,000sqft site located in the prime residential district at the junction of Coronation Road and Victoria Park Road, within an upscale Good Class Bungalow area. Victoria Park Villas is designed by not just one, but by four independent architects, led by master architect Master Mok Wei Wei from renowned firm W Architects. This unique arrangement ensure diversity as well as coherence in design, lending Victoria Park Villas a stunning and sophisticated appeal. Every home is smartly designed to give ample space for the family. Residents will also experience the beauty of nature surrounding the development. The convenience to transportation networks of MRT stations like Farrer Road Station and Tan Kah Kee Station, with a high connectivity to major roads such as Bukit Timah Road, Farrer Road, Holland Road and the PIE, AYE Expressways. Residents can enjoy an array of amenities and shopping at the nearby Holland Village, Coronation Shopping Plaza, The GrandStand, The Star Vista Mall and it is just a 10 minutes drive to Orchard Road. Victoria Park Villas is within the radius of 1km to 2km of renowned schools and institutions like Nanyang Primary School and Raffles Girls' Primary School. Secondary schools like Hwa Chong Institution, St Margaret's Secondary School and Nanyang Girls' High School as well as Hwa Chong Junior College and National Junior College are also within close proximity. The NUS Bukit Timah Campus and the Chinese International School are less than 5 minutes drive. Come and experience the true beauty of Victoria Park Villas.
New Futura is a rare freehold luxury condominium located at prime District 9 in Singapore. It is designed with exclusive 124 residential units in a 36-storey high development. New Futura is within 10 minute walk to world well known shopping belt - Orchard Road. The development comes with a stunning architectural with a dynamic curved balconies & futuristic fins. There are 6 thematic sky terraces at intermediate levels, 2 levels basement carpark with ultra luxury lots for the super cars. All residential units are accessed via private lifts.
Martin Modern is located at the corner of Martin Place and River Valley Close, within the posh residential neighbourhood of Robertson Quay. It will be the Home within a Botanic Garden in District 9 with an arboretum of native trees and vegetation, occupying 80% of the land area. The garden will have 15 different spaces with various concepts like a party lawn, a forest trail, rain gardens and a maze among others. Amenities nearby include Somerset MRT Station, Orchard Road and Singapore River. Within a short walking distance is the future Great World MRT Station (currently under construction) which is part of the Thomson-East Coast Line, and will take residents directly to Orchard Road, the CBD and Marina Bay. In close proximity are reputable educational institutions like River Valley Primary School, Singapore Management University and various international schools. It is also well connected to other parts of Singapore by major arterial roads and the Central Expressway. The higher floors of the luxury condominium development is expected to enjoy vantage views of the city and Marina Bay.
One Balmoral is a luxurious condominium development by Hong Leong Holding Limited that has just obtained its TOP in 2017. Located at One Balmoral Road in District 10, this residential complex enjoys a prime location and its sleek glass design and lush surrounding greenery exudes class and opulence. This residential complex consists of two, 12 storey high-rise buildings with a total of 91 mix units among green landscaping and water features. New residents can choose from one to four bedroom apartments that range from 592 sqft to 1658 sqft. With only 91 units, One Balmoral tries to keep its accomodation exclusive for those that enjoy a luxury lifestyle. The most popular unit type is the two bedroom apartments and one bedroom units. There is a basement car park reserved for resident vehicles with 103 spaces available. In combination with Hong Leong Holding Limited, ARC Studio designed this modern architectural masterpiece with elegance and sophistication in mind. Every apartment is intricately constructed with the highest quality, modern fittings and imported furnishings, including a fully equipped kitchen and spacious, comfortable bedroom spaces. Three and four bedroom units feature their own private lifts to their floor. With glass fins around the high-rise buildings, residents are treated to bright, natural lit rooms with stunning views over the city and Goodwood Hill, which has 20 acres of Tree Conservation Area that is protected by the Singapore National Parks Board. One Balmoral is a modest size complex that spreads over 66,000 square feet and has been created with a range of great leisure facilities to construct the ultimate urban retreat. There is a large, lap swimming pool, which features a poolside pavilion and cabana, as well as a separate children's pool and Jacuzzi facilities. For relaxation, there is a meditation garden area with a tai-chi and yoga lawn, reading cabana and terrace and lily pond. Other facilities include a gymnasium, steam room, BBQ pit and clubhouse, which features function rooms, a lounge and reading room. This exclusive and luxurious complex features 24 hour security for the comfort of residents. One Balmoral enjoys a great central location, near to all of the entertainment, schools and transport lines in the city. Residents are only a few minutes away from the famous, Orchard Road, which features popular shopping retailers, restaurants and entertainment. There are several grocery stores in the area, including Jasons, The Gourmet Grocer and Cold Storage Supermarket at Chancery Court. Refined nightclubs such as the American Club and Taglin Club are only a few blocks away for residents that wish to enjoy the nightlife in the area. Other shopping malls such as Ngee Ann City, Wheelock Plaza and Tangs Plaza are within a comfortable travelling distance from One Balmoral. For families with children, One Balmoral is close to renowned schools such as Raffles Girls' Secondary School, Singapore Chinese Girls' School, Anglo-Chinese Primary School, Anglo-Chinese Secondary School and Chinese International School. The nearest MRT station is NS21 Newton station. With its TOP newly obtained, unit sales at One Balmoral are expected to be popular with people who enjoy a luxurious lifestyle and wish to escape from busy inner-city life.
Located at 33 Leonie Hill Road, the 99-year leasehold development comprises two identical 35-storey residential towers built on a land area of 130,983 sq ft, one of the largest prime land parcels and offers a total gross floor area of 436,168 sqft. Each of the 462 ready-to-live-in apartments is exclusively and fully furnished with sophisticated pieces by renowned designers such as Hans Wegner, Gerrit T. Rietveld, Charles & Ray Eames, Tom Dixon and Matthew Hilton. Multi-generation living is facilitated by the flexibility of combining one-bedroom apartments with two- or three-bedroom apartments. OUE Twin Peaks's luxurious facilities include lush tropical gardens designed by internationally acclaimed architect Bill Bensley, artful lighting and exotic artwork installations in the shimmering waters of the resort-style swimming pool. It provides a sublime escape at the doorstep of your own home replete with a choice of luxurious amenities such as stylish jet spas, exclusive dining suites and state-of-the-art triple volume sky gyms offering inspiring views of the city. Open-air Sky Loggias on the 36th storey, together with a rooftop bar, form the ideal setting for private parties against the backdrop of a glittering skyline.
Three Balmoral is a coveted address that signifies prestige like no other. An exclusive development in the Prime District 10 for the creme de la creme of society. Enveloped within the serenity of nature, life is beautiful with rustling leaves orchestrating the soundtrack of your sanctuary. Three Balmoral is an elegant home in the city, which rises to prominence with its exquisite demeanour, sophisticated frames and veiled translucency. It adds vibrancy and delight to the streetscape with an enchanced public domain in the City. Located in the heart of the city, Three Balmoral showcases a panoramic vantage point of Singapore's dynamic cityscape. Standing at a height of 12 storeys, all units enjoy unobstructed panoramic view of the pristine Goodwood Hill. A timeless investment boasting a wide frontage of 60 metres, there are only 40 exclusive units consisting of 1 Bedroom + Study, 3 Bedrooms and Penthouse types. Pamper yourself with a dip in your very own private pool in selected units. Be the first to catch the latest trends with the Orchard Road Retail belt a mere 2 minutes away. The world of prestige is right at your doorstep amidst Singapore's most luxurious hotels and country clubs such as Shangri-La Hotel. The St.Regis Hotel. The Tanglin Club. The American Club and The Pines. Invest in the future of your next generation with top schools. Including Anglo-Chinese Primary School, Singapore Chinese Girls' School and Raffles Girls' Secondary School within 1km. The upcoming Stevens Road MRT station a stone's throw away allows you to maximise your time and live life to the fullest.
Gramercy Park is a freehold development located at 57 Grange Road, Singapore 249569, in District 10, minutes away from Orchard MRT Station. Gramercy Park is close to the Orchard Road shopping district and Singapore Botanic Gardens. Gramercy Park is just a 5 minutes' drive to Singapore Central Business District (CBD). It is less than 1km from Orchard North South Line Station which is 4 stations away from Raffles Place in CBD. Future owners of Gramercy Park will enjoy the use of a nearer MRT station, come 2021, when Orchard Boulevard Train Station (along Thomson Line) goes into full operation. River Valley Primary School, Zhangde Primary Schools, Crescent Girls' School and Raffles Girls' School are some local schools that are near Gramercy Park. International schools that are within walking distances are Overseas Family School, International School Singapore, Norwegian Supplementary School and Finnish Supplementary School.
The Asana Condominium is a brand new residential development from the famous developer Aurum Land Pte Ltd. Consists of numerous unit type from 1 to 3 bedrooms to meet you needs and is situated along Queen's Road in District 10, Singapore. TOP anticipated in 2019. The Asana has an elegant interior that combines nicely with its open layout. The modern characteristics of every unit that comprise balcony attribute and the glass window enables future residents to relish a nature-like ambiance inside their residence. Additionally it is furnished with superb quality appliances which will definitely give great convenience for your regular lifestyle. Many of facilities are equipped in this property so rest assured you will have a day-to-day that is handy tasks. With this facilities present, your lifestyle will certainly to be a luxury one. This development is nicely encircled with numerous amenties ranging from significant offices like embassies along with schools, malls, nature parks, leading tourist areas. Medical institutions that inlcude Mount Elizabeth Hospital and Camdem Medical Centre are within reach. These schools offers outstanding quality of instruction which you as well as your own family deserves. Dining areas and shopping malls are encircling the property. It's possible for you to love and fulfill your palate in the nearby Jumbo Seafood - Blu Kouzina, PS Cafe, Two Chef's Eating Place, Dancing Crab and Dempsey. Have an excellent weekend of enjoyable, entertainment and shooping with the nearby malls that contain Forum The Shopping Mall, Delfi Orchard, Tanglin Mall and Guardian Jelita Shopping Centre. Catch your opportunity to get your own luxury house situated in this amazing District 10 of Singapore.
Vivace is 999 years leasehold residential development located at 19 Tong Watt Road Singapore 238011, in prime district 09. It's expected TOP is 31 Dec 2015 by the reputable Tong Watt Pte Ltd (The Heritage Group). This 10-storey cosmopolitan condominium site area occupies 12,037 sqft. It has a total of 85 luxurious units. These cutting edge designed units are designed by award winning interior designers. Each unit is installed with the Gateman digital door locking system and One Touch Scene Contral Clipsal lighting system. It is your private sanctuary where you can unwind and enjoy the picturesque skyline with unprecedented privacy. Residents here can head down to nearby malls such as Great World City, Robertson Walk, UE Shopping Mall, Liang Court, Park Mall, Riverside Point, Central, Clarke Quay Orchard Central and Triple One Somerset to do your shopping, fine dining, catch a movie, banking and grocery shopping. You can also wine, dine and hang out at the most hip restaurants, bars and pubs along Mohammed Sultan Road, River Valley Road at Robertson Quay. The nearest supermarkets are Sheng Siong Supermarket at Chin Swee Road, Cold Storage at UE Square and NTUC Fairprice at Orchard Grand Court. World-renowned nightlife along Singapore River, Clarke Quay and Mohamed Sultan are filled with a whole stretch of pubs, cafes and restaurants to keep you entertained all night long. For hawker food lovers, you can head down to Jalan Kukoh Food Centre, Zion Riverside Food Centre, People's Park Complex Food Centre and Maxwell Road Hawker Centre. For Art Enthusiasts, there are also art galleries and museums here such as the Asian Civilisations Museum and Victoria Theatre and Concert Hall. Fort canning park is also a short distance away. Over here, you can indulge in food and retail therapies as the slew of amenities are just a stone's throw away. The bountiful mix of entertainment around you will definitely uplift your spirit.
The Grange Infinite is an amazing development comprises of 68 luxurious units. This 36-storey development is just stone's throw away from Orchard Road. All the units come with private life lobby, and private swimming pool for the penthouses, with top end finishing provided. Less than a minute's stroll to Orchard Road, Grange Infinite has the privilege of owning one of Singapore's most desired addresses. Designed by international master architects, this landmark of luxury boasts an Olympic-length pool set amidst stunning landscaped gardens, and a whole suite of luxury facilities exclusively for discerning residents. With its elegant interiors, iconic balconies, extravagant attention to detail and designer fittings, Grange Infinite truly represents Luxury Beyond Luxury. At Grange Infinite, nothing compares to living in a home desired by all. In pursuit of perfection, Grange Infinite raises the benchmark to the next level. Featuring fine detailing, distinguished finishes as well as fixtures and fittings of exemplary designer finesse are created in synonym with exceptional class to ensure absolute comfort.
Waterscape @ Cavenagh is a freehold development situated at 65 Cavenagh Road, Singapore 229620, in district 09. This enchanting 6 storey apartment is expected to be completed in 2014 by Cavenagh Properties Pte Ltd. It has a total of 200 exclusive units comprising of 1Bedroom, 2Bedroom, 2Bedroom+Study, 3Bedroom, 3Bedroom+Study, 4Bedroom and Penthouse units. Each unit is spacious, with ample nature lighting and total privacy. This resort styled development set in an enchanting waterscaped environment is definitely a paradise right in the heart of the city. Experience a vibrant lifestyle here at Waterscape @ Cavenagh with many of its fabulous facilities for you to recharge, rejuvenate and refresh you mind, body and soul. Here you can ease away the tiredness accumulated and seek inner serenity. You can have dive into the swimming pool, soak up the sun at the pool deck, enjoy the hydrotherapy at the hydro massage bed, job around the tranquil nature pathways, have a gathering at the clubhouse or function rooms, work out in the gym, have a BBQ session with friends and family or bring your kids to the playground and the wading pool. There is also a car park and 24 hours security here. The myriad of in house facilities will pamper you to the max.
Espada is a freehold condominium development located at 48 Saint Thomas Walk, Singapore 238128, in District 09, minutes walk to Somerset MRT Station. It comprises of 232 units in a 32 storey tower. Espada is close to River Valley Primary School and Orchard Grand Court. Facilities at Espada include swimming pool, wading pool, jacuzzi, wet deck, gymnasium, function room, bbq pavilion, tennis court, children's playground, outdoor fitness, car park and 24-hour security. Several feeder bus services are available near Espada. It is also close to a few local and international schools, such as ERC Institute and East Asia School of Business. Espada is also within walking distance to the stretch of eateries and restaurants located at Devonshire Road. Residents can head down to the nearby shopping malls like Centerpoint, Orchard Cineleisure and Orchard Central for amenities such as retail, supermarkets, restaurants, banks, cinema, and more. In addition, it is within reasonable driving distance Raffles Shopping Center and Marina Square. For vehicle owners, driving from Espada to the business hub takes 5 - 10 minutes, via Clemenceau Avenue and Havelock Road respectively.
Welcome to Lincoln Suites-an iconic freehold residence inspired by a world of luxury, located in Novena, one of the most sought-after residential enclaves in Singapore. Thoughtfully designed with clean, sleek architectural lines, Lincoln Suites exudes pure sophistication and style. Two elegant towers offer a choice of living accommodation to suit all lifestyles. Coupled with an impressive array of recreational facilities carefully blended with stunning landscaping and glorious vistas. Lincoln Suites is your inspirational home for the lifestyle of your dreams. Lincoln Suites offers you the perfect location for entertainment and pleasure. Take delight in being next to the one-stop entertainment and dining hub of Novena where you will find glittering malls like Novena Square, Square 2, Velocity at Novena and United Square. Orchard Road, Singapore's main shopping destination is a mere 5 minutes' drive away. Shop at the most fashionable boutiques. Dance to the latest beat at chic clubs and nightspots. Treat yourself to a rejuvenating massage or a refreshing stroll. Lincoln Suites offers you an abundance of sophisticated pleasures.
26 Newton is the latest luxurious condominium development by the renowned Novelty Corp. Pte Ltd, known for creating high quality apartments in Singapore. With its glass panels and futuristic style, this towering skyscraper is the epitome of class and elegance. The prestigious and modern architectural design of 26 Newton promotes the height of luxurious living with 26 storeys of upscale apartments in a high-rise building. This residential tower consists of 180 units with a variety of apartment and penthouse sizes. Residents can choose apartments ranging from 1, 2 and 2 + 1 bedrooms. The most popular units are the one bedroom and two bedrooms plus study apartments with only an exclusive number of penthouses available. The first four levels cater for residents with vehicles with car parking spaces for each apartment, while residential units start from floor five up to level 26. Modern facilities are also available on level 14. Every unit in 26 Newton is equipped the best modern fixings and luxury furnishings. Famous developers, Novelty Corp. Ptd Ltd, have meticulously designed units with the best in European branded appliances and furnishings. Kitchens in 26 Newton exhibit opulence with Bontempi cabinets and Scholtes state of the art appliances, while every bathroom has contemporary fittings from the Italian designers, Gessi. 26 Newton bedrooms have Lema wardrobes installed for the ultimate modern storage. Every residential unit is also equipped with an intelligent home automation system, which lets you adjust lighting and control air-conditioning with a remote control, as well as an app for iPhone or iPad to regulate brightness and temperature while you are out of the house. Some two bedroom units are fitted with imported marble flooring and the exclusive penthouses in this condominium development even have built-in outdoor Jacuzzis.
Situated in Singapore's most prestigious district, Liberte is cradled in a private enclave which offers lush greenery amidst the bustling city. Newton MRT station is just a short 2 minutes walk and the Orchard shopping belt is only 1 MRT station away from Liberte . Invest in your next generation with a fine selection of prestigious schools such as Anglo Chinese School(Barker Rd), Anglo-Chinese School (Junior) and Singapore Chinese Girls' School within the vicinity. At Liberte, absolute exclusivity together with the lush and enchanting views of Goodwood Hill comes standard within this coveted address. 46 luxurious freehold apartments with sizes ranging from 60sqm to 122sqm to suit all lifestyles.
Sophia Hills is developed by renowned developer Hoi Hup. They have a very extensive portfolio of exclusive housing developments namely; Royal Square at Novena, Sea Esta, The Miltonia, Lake vista and many more. This developer assure owners of the quality furnishing and well architected layouts for a perfect family home. Sitting on the largest plot of land on Mount Sophia, there are large unit types ranging from 1 bedroom to 4 bedrooms. All unit types are well connected, with A1 functional layout and no wastage of space on bay windows, planters and bomb shelters. All units come equipped with luxurious designer appliances, a well planned home awaits you. Within the condominium is very impressive with the architect blending in the newly erected condominium with the 3 conserved heritage buildings which will house the clubhouse, childcare and F&B restaurants. Terracotta wall finishes are used as a feature wall for selected balconies which is a rare in todays' development.